Roulette is a casino game that is played on a table with a wheel and a ball. The table itself is covered with a felt cloth that has the roulette grid printed on it The right side or inside of the printed grid consists of 3 columns of 12 numbers with the 0 and 00 above it. (The European version will only have the 0 and not the 0 and 00 found on the American version of the roulette table.) The left side or outside of the printed grid will have other various roulette bets printed on it. The croupier first spins the wheel and then spins the ball in the opposite direction. The ball eventually loses its momentum and falls into to one of 37 (in the European version) or 38 (in the U.S. version) colored and numbered slots on the wheel. Players may bet on individual numbers, groups or ranges of numbers, if the winning number is odd or even or if the color of the winning slot is red or black.
Roulette in its earliest stages, was invented in France in the 18th century and first appeared in its present form in Paris in the late 1790’s. French Mathematician Blaise Pascal introduced a early form of roulette in the 17th century in his search for a perpetual motion machine and later development came from a combination of an English wheel game called Roly-Poly, a French board game and Italian board games. During the 19th century, Roulette spread throughout Europe and the United States and became a very popular casino game. In 1860, after most of Europe had outlawed gambling, The Blanc Family moved their casino to Monte Carlo. Here they established a legal gambling mecca and created the single zero roulette wheel used all over the World today, except in the United States, South America and the Caribbean, where a double zero wheel is used.
In the United States, Roulette first appeared in French founded New Orleans, then proceeded up the Mississippi River and from there, spread east and west. Early American style roulette was full of cheating and rigged wheels and this led to the wheel being placed in plain site on the table. Finally, Roulette found its way to the main stream of legal gambling in the U.S., with the growth of casinos in Las Vegas, starting in the late 1940’s. Today Roulette is played in casinos around the world and is also enjoyed by players on the Internet.
There are a great variety of bets available in the game of roulette. To better understand these bets first examine the graphic of a roulette table grid. The table illustrated is from the U.S. version of the roulette game. The European version is the same excepting that there is no double zero. (00)
1. STRAIGHT BET
The straight bet is a bet to pick the exact number on which the ball will land. This bet pays 35:1.
2. SPLIT BET
To make a split bet, the player places his or her chip on the line between 2 numbers. If either number hits, the payout is 17:1.
3. SQUARE BET
The square bet or four number bet involves betting a square of 4 numbers. This bet pays 8:1.
4. 5 NUMBER BET
The 5 number bet can only be made on a U.S. style wheel and pays 6:1. The player is betting one of the following numbers will hit: 0, 00, 1, 2 or 3.
5. RED OR BLACK BET
In this bet, if the player bets on red the ball must land on a red slot and if the player bets on black, the ball must land on a black slot. This bet pays 1:1.
6. ODD OR EVEN BET
In this bet, if the player bets on odd the ball must land on an odd number and if the player bets even, the ball must land on an even number. This bet also pays 1:1.
7. HIGH BET
In a high bet, the player is betting that the ball with land on a number between 19 and 36. This bet pays 1:1.
With the low bet, the player is betting that the ball will come to rest on a number between 1 and 18. This bet pays 1:1.
In this bet, the player is betting that the ball will stop on one of the numbers in a group of a dozen numbers. These groups are 1 to 12, 13 to 24 and 25 to 36. This bet pays the player 2:1.
10. COLUMN BET
The column bet requires the player to bet on one of the three columns printed on the roulette table grid. To win this bet the ball must stop on one of the numbers from the column on which the player has bet. This bet pays 2:1.
11. INSIDE BET
This refers to any bet that involves the numbers on the right side of the roulette table grid.
This refers to any bet placed on the left side (or non-numbered) side of the roulette table grid.
Players are allowed to make as many different types of bets as they wish but it is advised to have a betting strategy and avoid high risk bets and placing unwarranted bets.